Note: While you should not be expecting any full-length, revised, and polished articles for quite a long while (see my previous post), I have created a new section on this blog called “Random Ramblings.” I will simply write about anything that comes to mind, especially things that do not fit into other defined categories I already have created. So here we go.
“Is what is morally good commanded by God because it is morally good, or is it morally good because it is commanded by God?”
It appears that this dilemma is a false dilemma, and that the answer is “both.”
Theologians such as St. Thomas Aquinas have stated that God cannot even change moral law because of its nature. Not because moral law exists apart from God, since God is the ultimate and supreme good.
So we can conclude that:
- What is morally good IS morally good
- Goodness is God’s very nature rather than an accident, and it is logically impossible for God to contradict His own nature, so everything He wills is God
Because God is the supreme good and cannot will anything other than good, and because what is morally good is willed by God because it is morally good, it can be said that both “horns” of the dilemma are true.
But of course, this seems to be incomprehensible from the limited standpoint of human reason. Thus, we can only accept this by faith, trusting that whatever God wills is good, and following His will.